A G Ratio (ALBUMIN / GLOBULIN)
The total serum protein test measures all the proteins in your blood. It can also check the amount of albumin you have compared to globulin, or what’s called your “A/G ratio.”
WHAT IS AN A G RATIO TEST?
The A G Ratio test measures the total amount of Albumin and Globulin, which are two types of proteins found in the body. The test also analyzes and compares the quantities of albumin and globulin, and thus makes a calculation of the ratio of the two proteins. A change in the value of the ratio indicates that there is also a change in the protein levels.
WHAT IS AN A G RATIO TEST USED FOR?
An A G Ratio test is used to determine and calculate the ratio of Albumin and Globulin, which are:
- ALBUMIN: Albumin is produced in the liver and it constitutes to about 60% of the total protein. Albumin stops the leakage of fluid from the blood vessels. It also moisturizes tissues and transfers hormones, drugs, vitamins, and other substances such as calcium all through the body.
- GLOBULIN: The remaining 40% of the total protein count is made up by the Globulin. It is a varied protein group, some of which is formed in the liver and some is produced in the immune system. Globulin aids in fighting infection and transfer nutrients.
WHEN TO CONDUCT AN A G RATIO TEST?
Your health practitioner might ask you to conduct an A G Ratio test as part of your routine checkup. Your doctor might ask the results of an A G Ratio test if you experience frequent fatigue and unexpected weight loss. Moreover, it is also important to conduct an A G Ratio test when your medical practitioner suspects symptoms of kidney or liver disorders.
WHAT ARE THE TEST PREPARATIONS AND SAMPLE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TEST?
There is no specific test preparation required for an A G Ratio test. Furthermore, a blood sample is drawn from a vein in the arm to collect a sample for an A G Ratio test. Moreover, the sample in newborns is collected by the heel stick. The sample collection for this test usually takes approximately 5 minutes. The drawn sample is sent to the laboratory for testing.
WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE TEST RESULTS?
LOW A G RATIO
The low A-G ratio might indicate that you are infected with an autoimmune disorder, or you have kidney disease. In some cases, the low A G ratio might be a symptom of a bone marrow tumor.
HIGH A G RATIO
The high A G ratio means that you have liver disease, intestinal or kidney disease. It also has a link to leukemia and low thyroid.
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