Why is Cholesterol and why its important to maintain its level?
Cholesterol is a very essential substance and found in every cell of your body. it is Cholesterol is not inherently bad for your body, whereas it is important to have balanced ratios of cholesterol in your body as it helps in the building and development of the cells. Cholesterol is a waxy material found in your body. But high levels of cholesterol in your body cause problem. There are two ways through which cholesterol is produced in a human body, the first one is the natural production of cholesterol that is through the liver. And the second source is the food intake that has fats and produces cholesterol.
TYPES OF CHOLESTEROL
Cholesterol is found in your blood stream and the proteins are stick to the cholesterol that flows through the blood. Cholesterol and protein are blended together and the mixture is called Lipoprotein. There are two types of Cholesterol.
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) is labelled as “bad” cholesterol. The major five Lipoprotein groups contains LDL as well, and it is responsible to circulate cholesterol and fat particles within the blood stream of a human body. It is unhealthy and bad cholesterol because it may risk the higher ratio of heart stroke, peripheral artery disease and other heart diseases. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) is also known as plague builder, when the amount of LDL increases then gradually the plague builds up on the walls of arteries and makes them narrow. The arteries clogs due to the thick plague that deposits on the walls of the arteries. LDL is responsible for making up larger ratio of cholesterol, but too much production of LDL causes disease.
High density lipoprotein (HDL) is generally termed as “good” cholesterol. The basic job of the HDL is to traverse back the cholesterol, which is produced by the different parts of the human body to the liver. And after that the liver is capable to eliminate the cholesterol. HDL is said to be good cholesterol for a reason, because it has the tendency to protect the chances against heart attack due to the increased levels of HDL. The approximate value of blood cholesterol is one-third to one-fourth that is carried by High density lipoprotein. In other words, HDL eats the (LDL) that is the bad cholesterol, as it takes away the cholesterol that is being clogged on the walls of the arteries back to the liver. HDL works in a way that lessen the chances of heart stroke and other disease.
It is very important to maintain the balanced levels of HDL and LDL. High cholesterol levels in a human body risks serious disease. In order to identify the levels of high cholesterol you have to get done a blood test as there is no other way to identify the level of high cholesterol. It has no symptoms. Poor diet, obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, age and diabetes can be the risk factors that causes the risk of increased ratio of bad cholesterol.
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