WHAT IS CBC?
CBC is basically a simple blood test, this blood test is performed to observe the health of a human body. The test is beneficial in detecting disorders such as, leukemia, anemia and other infections.
Several components and features that are present in the bloodstream of a human body can be counted through a Complete Blood Count (CBC) test.
- Red Blood Cells (RBC’s are the ones that transport oxygen).
- White Blood Cells (WBC’s are capable of resisting infections).
- Hemoglobin (in RCB’s the component that is responsible for carrying oxygen protein).
- Hematocrit (it counts the proportion of complete blood volume that contains RBC’s).
- Platelets (helps in the clotting of blood).
WHEN AND HOW A CBC TEST IS DONE?
If you observe any symptoms and signs that are associated with the situation that affect the blood cells, then it is a must to carry out a CBC test. The symptoms are as follows:
A CBC test does not need any specific preparation. You can habitually eat and drink before the test is conducted. It is a very simple Blood test that and it is done in a very time (that is in few minutes). A fine needle is injected into the vein of your arm, to draw a blood sample. The lab practitioner will send the sample to the lab for further diagnoses.
It is very important to have stable blood cells count for a healthy human. Stated below are the results of
a normal human body.
RED BLOOD CELL COUNT
The red blood count slightly differs in both of the genders; male and female.
MALE: For males the RBC’s count should be between 4.35- 5.65 trillion cells/L*.
FEMALE: For females the RBC’s count should be between 3.92-5.13 trillion cells/L.
WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT
The number of White Blood Cells per liter seems to be same in both male and female, that is 3.4-9.6
billion cells/L (3,400 to 9,600 cells/mcL).
Just similar to the Red Blood Cells count, the numbers of Platelets also seems to be different in men and
MALE: In males the figure of Platelets found to be 135-317 billion/L.
FEMALE: In females the figure of Platelets found to be 157-371 billion/L.
MALE: The percent of Hematocrit in men should be 38.3-48.6.
FEMALE: The percent of Hematocrit in men should be 35.5-44.9.
For a complete Hemoglobin result in adults (men and women) should be as follows:
MALE: 13.2-16.6 grams/dL*** (132-166 grams/L).
FEMALE: 11.6-15 grams/dL (116-150 grams/L).
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