WHAT IS COMPLETE URINE EXAMINATION?
A complete urine test is basically a Urinalysis that is conducted to analyze the abnormalities in the urine. A complete urine examination is conducted in order to measure the irregularities in the urine. The test can also be referred to as other several names such as urine test, urinalysis, complete urine examination, and UA. Even when a human body is not suspecting any uncommon symptoms, in such cases a urinalysis is able to identify the potential health issues.
WHY COMPLETE URINE EXAMINATION TEST IS PERFORMED?
The test is conducted to screen the conditions that seem abnormal including kidney disorders or urinary tract infections (UIT’s). A Urinalysis also provides the information about the escalated levels of materials that are being discarded by the human body by passing urine.
WHEN TO GET TESTED?
It is very important for a person to know when to get tested. The test is very helpful in identifying the overall health conditions of the human body. You may get to know more about the irregularities of urine and other infections if you observe the following symptoms.
- Pain in the back.
- Abdominal pain.
- Painful urination.
- Blood in the urine.
If any of the symptom comes up, then it is necessary to conduct a complete urine test. Don’t go for self-medication, instead, seek the advice of a specialist immediately. The doctor will then conduct a Urinalysis test and suggest further treatment.
TEST SAMPLE AND TEST PREPARATION
If urine test is the only test that you will be conducting then you and eat and drink as you do usually. Don’t eat food that has dyes or beets because they may discolor the urine and the result will not be accurate. For the accurate result use a method called “clean catch”. Here is the series of steps that should be followed for collecting a test sample.
- Wash and clean the urinary opening area.
- In the toilet start to pee.
- Stop midstream.
- Flow 2 to 3 ounces of the urine into the container.
- Finish peeing in the toilet.
- Hand over the sample to the doctor.
No specific test preparation is needed.
WHAT RESULTS OF THE TEST TELL US?
There are ways such as package insert or color on the package through which you can examine, either the results are within the normal range or not. In order to analyze the risk of having urinary stones, pH value is used as it informs about the chances of the risk. If the value of pH is below 5 that means the pH is too acidic and if the pH is over 7 that means there are chances of bacterial urinary tract infection. Other problems can be detected by the test that measures other substances.
- High-level of proteins is the symbol of nephritis.
- High blood sugar detects the presence of Ketones and sugar in the urine.
- Leukocytes or nitrite may be a sign of a bacterial infection.