WHAT IS AN ENA PROFILE TEST?
The term ENA stands for Extractable Nuclear Antigens. The ENA Profile test is a blood test that is used to identify the existence of autoantibodies in the blood that react proteins in the cell nucleus. Autoimmune diseases can be particularly detected with the ENA profile test. When a human’s immune system accidentally attacks the tissues of one’s own body, then antibodies are developed. Due to this target inflammation, damaging tissues and other signs can be seen that is linked with autoimmune disease.
The 4-test ENA panel is a type of blood that is performed to help in the analysis of diseases like mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), lupus (SLE), and Sjögren syndrome. Similarly, the 6-test ENA panel is used in the diagnosis of scleroderma and polymyositis/dermatomyositis.
- Anti ds DNA
- Anti RNP/sm
- Anti Sm
- Anti – Ro (Ss-A)
- Anti-La (Ss-B)
- Anti SCL-70
These proteins can be extracted and removed from the nuclei of the cell with the help of using Saline, so this is the reason why these proteins are called extractable.
The symptoms of collagen illness are highly variable and these signs are as follows:
- Fever and fatigue
- Muscular pain
- Pain and swelling in joints
- Skin rashes
- Raynaud syndrome (fingers turn white in response to cold) * Proteinuria (proteins in the urine)
- Neurological indications like depression or psychosis
- Low Red blood cell count (hemolytic anemia) or white blood cell count (leucopenia).
TEST SAMPLE AND TEST PREPARATION?
It is a blood test so a blood sample is drawn from the vein of the arm and then the sample is sent to the laboratory for further process. There is no need for preparation before the ENA profile test.
WHEN AND WHY TO GET TESTED?
The reason for getting an ENA test done is that it helps in analyzing and discriminating between autoimmune disorders. Your doctor may carry out this test to examine the progression of autoimmune disease.
Followed by positive ANA (antinuclear antibody test) the ENA profile test rest is used for the diagnosis of autoimmune disorder. When the ANA test is positive and the symptoms of the autoimmune disorder are observed, then the ENA profile test is performed.
AWAMI LAB Services
At Awami Lab, we not only perform tests but also we feel that it is our duty to educate our patients about their overall health. For the convenience of our customers, Awami Lab offers an online reporting facility so that the patients don’t have to rush several times to the lab. Awami lab ensures to provide the authentic and 100% accurate test results. We make sure that the reports are handed over to the patient as soon as possible so that the further procedures of a patient’s treatment could not be delayed. Choose Awami Lab for a trusted health care routine. We provide the best ENA PROFILE test facility in Gujrat & Pakistan.