A lipid profile test measures the content of cholesterol and fats (triglyceride) in your blood, which gives the doctor a quick overview of what is happening in the blood and keeps them aware of any dangerous illness. A moderate amount of cholesterol and triglyceride is required for the body to function properly. But too much content can lead to strokes, heart diseases, and clogging of arteries. Therefore, the lipid profile test helps in detecting risks of heart disease or any other severe illness.
What Does A Lipid Profile Test Measures?
Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids which are conveyed in the body through lipoproteins. The lipoproteins in a lipid profile test are categorized by their densities. A lipid panel usually includes the following:
- TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
- HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL (HDL-C)
- LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL (LDL-C)
This is the total content of cholesterol in the blood.
This is referred to as good cholesterol as it measures the cholesterol in HDL particles. This helps in removing excess cholesterol from the body by taking it to the liver.
This is known as bad cholesterol as it drops excess cholesterol to the blood vessels which can lead to atherosclerosis. It calculates the cholesterol content in LDL particles.
This measures all the triglycerides stored in the fat cells. Diabetic, overweight, and alcoholic people can have levels of triglyceride.
SAMPLE AND TEST PREPARATION
For a lipid profile test, a needle is inserted into the veins and a blood sample is collected. Usually fasting for 9-12 hours (without water) is required before the test. But specifically for LDL and Total cholesterol test, some doctors allow eating.
What Are The Risks Of Being A Victim Of High Cholesterol?
A person might be at risk of high cholesterol if he is:
- Overweight or obese
- Smokes cigarette
- Physically inactive
- Eat unhealthily
- Has a family history of heart diseases and high cholesterol
- Has kidney diseases
What Are The Symptoms Of Dyslipidemia?
Dyslipidemia is the abnormal levels of blood lipid levels (cholesterol and triglyceride) that can be too
high or too low. Following are the symptoms of Dyslipidemia:
- Chest pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Leg pain
- Difficulty in breathing
What Can Be Done To Prevent Risks Of High Cholesterol?
To prevent high cholesterol you can:
- Quit Smoking
- Eat vegetables and fruits
- Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes
- Avoid eating foods that are high in sodium and fats
- Avoid stress
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